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The Great Goddess: Who is Lakshmi?
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The Great Goddess: Who is Lakshmi?

Lakshmi, also known as Shri, is one of the most adored goddesses in Hinduism. She's the goddess of wealth, fortune, power, beauty, fertility, and prosperity, and is often linked with Maya, or Illusion. Lakshmi is part of the Tridevi, alongside Parvati and Saraswati, representing essential virtues and energies in Hindu belief. But how did this radiant goddess come into existence and what is her significance in Hindu mythology? We’ll learn all of it in this blog.

Origin of Goddess Lakshmi

Who is Lakshmi

The origin of Goddess Lakshmi is associated with a mythological event called Samudra Manthan or the churning of the ocean. According to the legend, once the devas (gods) and asuras (demons) were working together to churn the ocean in search of Amrita, the nectar of immortality. Amidst this cosmic chaos, Lakshmi emerged from the ocean, glowing with unmatched beauty and grace. She chose Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, as her partner, symbolizing their eternal bond and contribution to keeping the universe in balance.

Symbolism and iconography

Who is Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi is usually depicted with four arms, holding a lotus, a pot of gold, and making gestures of blessing. Each of her four arms stands for one of the four goals of human life: Dharma (righteousness), Artha (wealth), Kama (desires), and Moksha (liberation). The lotus she holds symbolizes purity, spiritual power, and knowledge.

You can also find her depicted sitting or standing on a lotus, with elephants (Gajalakshmi) showering her with water, symbolizing fertility and prosperity. Sometimes, she’s accompanied by an owl, representing wisdom and the need to stay vigilant against darkness and ignorance.

What are the 8 forms of Lakshmi?

Lakshmi isn’t just one-dimensional; she has eight forms known as Ashtalakshmi, each representing a different aspect of prosperity:

1. Adi Lakshmi: The primal mother goddess, representing eternal wealth.

Adi Lakshmi

2. Dhana Lakshmi: The goddess of material wealth and money.

Dhana Lakshmi

3. Dhanya Lakshmi: The goddess of agricultural wealth, providing food and sustenance.

Dhanya Lakshmi

4. Gaja Lakshmi: The goddess of power and strength, often depicted with elephants.

Gaja Lakshmi

5. Santana Lakshmi: The goddess of progeny, ensuring family and continuity.

Santana Lakshmi

6. Veera Lakshmi: The goddess of courage, offering strength and valor.

7. Vijaya Lakshmi: The goddess of victory, ensuring success in endeavors.

8. Vidya Lakshmi: The goddess of wisdom and education.

Vidya Lakshmi

These forms show how Lakshmi’s blessings extend beyond just money to include knowledge, courage, family, and overall well-being.

What are the powers of Lakshmi?

Goddess Lakshmi is known to bestow material wealth and prosperity, which are necessary for leading a comfortable life and achieving our desires. She ensures fertility and agricultural richness, which are crucial for our sustenance. Besides material wealth, Lakshmi also provides spiritual riches, including wisdom and knowledge, which are essential for self-discovery and spiritual freedom. Her blessings contribute to maintaining balance and harmony in both our personal lives and the wider community.

Festivals associated with Goddess Lakshmi 

Lakshmi is celebrated during several Hindu festivals, with Diwali, the festival of lights, being the most famous. During Diwali, homes and businesses are lit up, and prayers (Lakshmi Pooja) are offered to welcome the goddess and seek her blessings for prosperity and happiness. Other festivals include Kojagiri Purnima, dedicated to invoking Lakshmi’s blessings for a bountiful harvest, and Varalakshmi Vratam, where married women pray for the well-being of their families.


Lakshmi, the Great Goddess, is the epitome of prosperity and abundance in Hinduism. Her legends, symbols, and forms show the various ways she influences and enriches the lives of her devotees. By understanding and honoring Lakshmi, one can understand the delicate balance of material and spiritual wealth needed for a fulfilling life. As the consort of Vishnu, she plays a crucial role in sustaining and nurturing the universe, ensuring that prosperity, justice, and peace prevail.

Also Read - The Eternal Bond of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi

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