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Lord Krishna – Hindu Gods and Deities
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Lord Krishna – Hindu Gods and Deities

Krishna, the most playful and mischievous deity, holds a special place in Hindu mythology and is widely revered as the epitome of love, wisdom, and righteousness. From his playful childhood antics to his profound teachings in the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna's stories have not only enriched Hinduism but also left an indelible mark on Indian culture. 

In this blog, we will learn more about the origin, significance, and symbolism of Lord Krishna in Hinduism and also some interesting tales surrounding his life events.

Who is Lord Krishna?

Who is Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna stands as one of Hinduism's most revered deities, worshipped across diverse traditions in various perspectives. Regarded as the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, he is recognized both as an avatar and as the supreme deity in his own right. Krishna's prominence is evident in the Bhagavad Gita, where he guides Prince Arjuna in the midst of the Kurukshetra battle, revealing his divine nature and will. Even today, Krishna remains one of the most widely revered figures in Indian spirituality.

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Krishna's origin is a fascinating blend of mythology and history, which reflects the complex tapestry of Hindu beliefs. Scholars suggest that the figure of Krishna evolved from the amalgamation of two distinct deities: Krishna-Gopala and Vasudeva-Krishna. Krishna-Gopala was worshipped by the nomadic Abhira clan, who revered him as a protector of cows and a playful child. On the other hand, Vasudeva-Krishna was the deity of the Vrishnis, a clan residing in the city of Mathura, who revered him as a warrior prince and a wise counselor.

Names and Attributes of Krishna

Names and Attributes of Krishna

The name "Krishna" originates from the Sanskrit word meaning "dark" or "dark blue," symbolizing the waning moon. This epithet is fitting for Vishnu, as Krishna is listed as the 57th name in the Vishnu Sahasranamam. Other popular names such as Mohan, Govinda, and Gopala highlight his enchanting nature and his role as the protector of cows, reflecting his cherished childhood in Braj. Additionally, regional names like Jagannatha in Puri, Odisha, highlight his diverse associations and regional significance.

Krishna's Family

Krishna's Family

Born to Princess Devaki and Vasudeva in Mathura, Krishna was raised in Gokul by his foster parents, Yashoda and Nanda. His family life was expansive, with eight princely wives known as Ashtabharya, including Rukmini, Satyabhama, and others. He also rescued and married 16,100 or 16,000 women from Narakasura's captivity, ensuring their safety and societal integration. His children, including Pradyumna and Samba, played significant roles in his life and legacy, as depicted in texts like the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana.

Iconography and Symbolism 

Lord Krishna is depicted in various forms and poses in Hindu iconography, each carrying deep symbolic meanings that reflect his diverse roles and attributes. Some of the key aspects of Krishna's iconography and symbolism include:

  1. Blue Skin: Krishna is often depicted with blue skin, which symbolizes his divine nature. The color blue is associated with the infinite sky and the vast ocean, suggesting Krishna's transcendental and boundless qualities.
Blue Skin
  1. Peacock Feather: A peacock feather is commonly seen adorning Krishna's head or turban. The peacock symbolizes beauty, grace, and immortality. The feather is also associated with Krishna's playful and charming nature.
Peacock Feather
  1. Flute: Krishna is frequently depicted playing the flute, known as the "divine flute" or "murali." The flute represents the divine call that attracts devotees towards the path of spiritual enlightenment. It also symbolizes Krishna's ability to enchant and captivate hearts with his melodious music.
  1. Cow: Krishna is often shown in the company of cows or as a cowherd, reflecting his childhood spent among the cowherd community in Gokul. The cow symbolizes nurturing, motherhood, and the Earth's abundance, highlighting Krishna's role as a protector and provider.
  1. Butter: Krishna's love for butter, often depicted as a ball of butter in his hand, represents his playful and mischievous nature. It also symbolizes the sweetness and purity of devotion towards God.
  1. Lotus: The lotus flower is a symbol of purity, enlightenment, and divine beauty. Krishna is sometimes depicted standing or sitting on a lotus, signifying his transcendence over worldly desires and attachments.
  1. Peacock Feather Crown: Krishna is sometimes portrayed wearing a crown adorned with peacock feathers. The crown symbolizes Krishna's royal lineage as a prince of the Yadava dynasty.
  1. Krishna's Posture: In his standing pose, Krishna often adopts a Tribhanga posture, with three bends in his body, symbolizing harmony and balance in life. His dancing pose, known as the Natavar posture, symbolizes joy, celebration, and divine bliss.

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Symbolism in Krishna's Life Events

Each event in Krishna's life, such as lifting the Govardhan Hill, dancing with the gopis, or playing with Radha, carries deep symbolic meanings related to devotion, love, protection, and the triumph of good over evil.

Overall, Krishna's iconography and symbolism are rich and multifaceted, reflecting the various dimensions of his personality as a divine being, a loving friend, a wise teacher, and a compassionate protector of his devotees.

Significance Today

Krishna's influence extends far beyond ancient mythology, continuing to inspire millions of people around the world today. His teachings on devotion, righteousness, and spiritual wisdom resonate with seekers of all backgrounds, offering a timeless message of hope and guidance.

Devotees celebrate Krishna through various festivals and rituals, such as Janmashtami, the celebration of Krishna's birth, and Gita Jayanti, commemorating the day when Krishna imparted the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna. These festivals serve as reminders of Krishna's enduring presence in the hearts and minds of believers, inspiring them to lead virtuous lives guided by his teachings.


Krishna's stories and teachings are not merely tales of the past but living traditions that continue to enrich and inspire millions of people worldwide. As we delve deeper into the enchanting world of Krishna, we discover a timeless source of wisdom and compassion, whose legacy transcends time and space, guiding humanity towards the path of righteousness and eternal bliss.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q. Why did Krishna marry 16000 wives?
A. As per the legend, when Krishna killed the Narakasura, the demon king, all his 16,100 wives were set free from his captive. Krishna decided to accept all of them as his wives and took them along with him to Dwarka.
Q. Where is Krishna's heart kept?
A. Krishna's heart is believed to be residing at the Jagannath Puri Temple in Orissa. According to popular beliefs, it's still alive and beats the rhythm of Lord Krishna.
Q. What is the last wish of Radha?
A. According to the legends, Radha’s last wish was to hear Krishna play his flute for her just like the old times, when they were in Vrindavan.
Q. Where did Radha go after Krishna left?
A. After Krishna’s departure, Radha also left her home and went to Kadli forest. It is believed that she left behind her illusionary form, known as Chaya Radha (her shadow) back in Barsana.

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